Beer Hall Putsch

A failed coup d'état by Nazi Party (NSDAP) leader Adolf Hitler happened in Munich, Bavaria, on 8–9 November 1923. Nine years and three months later Hitler would be the chancellor or Germany and the 3rd Reich happened.

Approximately two thousand Nazis marched on the Feldherrnhalle, in the city center, but were confronted by a police cordon, which resulted in the deaths of 16 Nazi Party members and four police officers. Hitler, save from bullet by Ulrich Graf, escaped immediate arrest and was spirited off to safety in the countryside. After two days, he was arrested and charged with treason.

The putsch brought Hitler to the attention of the German nation for the first time and generated front-page headlines in newspapers around the world. His arrest was followed by a 24-day trial, which was widely publicized and gave him a platform to express his nationalist sentiments to the nation. Hitler was found guilty of treason and sentenced to five years in Landsberg Prison where he dictated Mein Kampf to fellow prisoners Emil Maurice and Rudolf Hess. On 20 December 1924, having served only nine months, Hitler was released. Once released, Hitler redirected his focus towards obtaining power through legal means rather than by revolution or force, and accordingly changed his tactics, in which he succeeded roughly nine years later.